- Ḥasidism , the ẓaddikim of sochaczew , radoshits , and komarno having lived in the city. One of the rabbis of Pabianice was Mendele Alter, a brother of the Rabbi of Gur. After R. Alter left to become rabbi of Kalish, his position was filled by his son, R. Abraham. The community's synagogue was first built by Jewish workers in 1847. Restored in 1880, it was famous for its frescoes and wooden engravings and the artistic construction of its Ark. Many organizations were active in the community between the world wars. The mizrachi organization was founded in 1918, and Revisionists began their activities in 1927. The Po'alei Agudat Israel and Ẓe'irei Emunei Israel of the community were affiliated with agudat israel . A large school, Or Torah, which also served as a cultural center for adults, was established by Agudat Israel. In 1919 the Zionists organized a Hebrew high school. (Shimshon Leib Kirshenboim) -Holocaust Period German forces entered the city on Sept. 8, 1939, and immediately introduced a series of repressive acts against the Jewish population. On Rosh Ha-Shanah the synagogue was destroyed and the building converted into a stable. On the Day of Atonement an intensive campaign of kidnapping was carried out in the streets and in the clandestine places of worship. In November many Jews were brutally evicted from their homes, in order to make room for Germans. At the same time the chairman and three other members of the judenrat were arrested and two of them murdered. In February 1940 a ghetto was formed in the old district of the town into which 8,000–9,000 Jews were crowded. Contact with the non-Jewish population was still possible and anyone could leave or enter the ghetto at will. Jewish artisans continued to earn wages, and thus supplement the meager rations allocated by the Germans. However, as a result of internal dissension, several members of the Judenrat, including its chairman, Jehiel Rubinstein, were denounced by a group of Jews, resulting in their arrest and dispatch to concentration camps in Germany where they met their deaths. In February 1942 the Germans carried out a medical examination of all the Jews in Pabianice of 10 years of age and older. The able-bodied were stamped "A," while the elderly and sick were marked "B." The liquidation of the ghetto took place on May 16, 1942. Some 3,500 Jews in the "A" category and a few children were sent to the lodz ghetto. The 150 patients in the hospital were murdered on the spot, 180 tailors were detained in Pabianice to finish the work they had started, while the rest of the Jewish population – the "B" category – were sent to their deaths in the chelmno camp. After the liquidation of the ghetto, some 250 Pabianice Jews were employed in the large storehouse located nearby in Dombrowa where the clothing of the murdered Jewish population of western Poland (Warthegau) was processed, sorted, and repaired. A memorial book, Sefer Pabianice (1956) was published in Yiddish in Tel Aviv by the society of immigrants from Pabianice. (Danuta Dombrowska) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Dąbrowska, in: BZIH, nos. 13–14 (1955); idem (ed.), Kronika getta lodzkiego, 1 (1965), passim. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Baruch, Pabianice, Rzgow i wsie okoliczne (1903); Sefer Pabianice, Yiskor buch fun der farpainigter Kehille (1956); Dzieje Pabianic (ed. G. Missalowa) (1968).
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pabianice — Pabianice … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pabianice — Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Pabianice — [pabja nitsɛ], Kreisstadt in der Woiwodschaft Lodz, Polen, baulich mit der Stadt Lodz zusammengewachsen, 76 000 Einwohner; altes Zentrum der Textilindustrie (Baumwolle), außerdem elektrotechnische, pharmazeutische, Nahrungsmittelindustrie,… … Universal-Lexikon
Pabianice — Infobox Settlement name = Pabianice imagesize = 250px image caption = Zamkowa Street image shield = POL Pabianice COA.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship… … Wikipedia
Pabianice — Original name in latin Pabianice Name in other language Gorad Pab janicy, Pab janice, Pab yanitsy, Pabianice, Pabianices, Pabianics, Pabjanice, Pabjaice, Pab’yanitsy, pa bi ya ni cai, Горад Паб яніцы, Паб яніце, Пабьянице, Пабянице, Пабјањице… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Pabianice — ▪ Poland town and suburb of Łódź, in Łódzkie województwo (province), central Poland, in the Łódź Highlands on the Dobrzynka River. The second most important town in the surrounding industrial area, it lies on the Łódź Wrocław rail line and… … Universalium
Pabianice — ► C. del centro de Polonia, en el voivodato de Lódź; 75 200 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Pabianice County — Infobox Settlement name = Pabianice County native name = Powiat pabianicki settlement type = image shield = POL powiat pabianicki COA.svg map caption = Location within the voivodeship subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision… … Wikipedia
Deutsche in Pabianice — Die Deutschen in Pabianice (deutsch Pabianitz, 1940 kurzzeitig Burgstadt) waren ein Teil der deutschen Minderheit in Polen. 1860 wohnten in Pabianice 1.425 Deutsche. Sie bildeten 29 % der Stadtbewohner. 1913 erreichte die Zahl der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gmina Pabianice — Infobox Settlement name = Gmina Pabianice other name = Pabianice Commune settlement type = Gmina total type = Total image shield = POL gmina Pabianice COA.svg subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship… … Wikipedia